Saturday, July 20, 2013

"The Glad River"

“There is a river, the streams whereof shall make glad the city of God, the holy place of the tabernacles of the most High.” These words of Psalm 46:4 (KJV) are cited on page 291 of Will D. Campbell’s “The Glad River (1982) and are apparently the source of the title.
I recently finished reading Campbell’s novel, deciding to read it shortly after hearing of his death early last month. He would have celebrated his 89th birthday this week, on July 18, had he not passed away on June 3.
Campbell was often referred to as a “maverick.” Among other newspapers and websites, headlines in the New York Times on June 4 and on on June 5 described him that way.

The central character in “The Glad River” is Doops, a young man born in Mississippi in 1920, four years before the author. And while Campbell said his novel was not autobiographical, Doops is also a maverick as was his creator.
Although having a Baptist mother who tries for years to convince Doops to be baptized, he continually refuses to do so until late in the book—and I can’t tell the details without it being a spoiler for those of you who have yet to read the book.
Doops is continually seeking to find “real” Baptists – such as those of the 16th century who were known as Anabaptists and about whom he wrote a story during his time in military service during World War II.
As Doops correctly understood, those baptists (intentionally not capitalized) were pacifists, did not believe in the death penalty, and believed in the complete separation of church and state. That seemed to be what Doops also believed. And that was why he couldn’t be a conventional Baptist in the South.
So, Doops was probably somewhat autobiographical after all.
In an article published shortly after Campbell’s death, noted Baptist historian and author Bill Leonard wrote how Campbell was “obsessed with grace.” That seems to be a correct assessment. While he didn’t write about it directly, grace is an underlying theme of “The Glad River.”
As a result of God’s grace, undeserved and unreserved forgiveness, another of Campbell’s themes, is clearly seen in the novel.
James Wm. McClendon, Jr., was a prominent baptist theologian, born the same year as Campbell, although he died in 2000. (He is the one who emphasized being baptist with a small “b,” as I wrote about in a blog article found here.)
In his highly acclaimed “Ethics: Systematic Theology, Volume I,” McClendon cites a passage from The Glad River at the beginning of Part II. Then in writing about “The Politics of Forgiveness,” McClendon tells of Campbell’s discussion with his non-believing friend P.D. East.
As I wrote on this blog three years ago today, on one occasion, P. D. asked Will, “In ten words or less, what’s the Christian message?” Campbell’s pungent answer was, “We’re all bastards but God loves us anyway” (“Brother to a Dragonfly," p. 220).
That is essentially the meaning of grace. And that is the type of God’s love and acceptance experienced by the beer-guzzling, rough-talking young men in “The Glad River”: Doops and his friends Kingston and “Model T.”
Whether we admit it or not, many of us “good Christians” think we are morally superior to others, such as, perhaps, fundamentalist Christians and bigoted Southerners with whom we disagree – or even superior to people like the young men in Campbell’s novel.
A serious reading of “The Glad River” can perhaps help us reflect on our pharisaicalism and even on our judgmental attitudes towards others, those bas----- whom God loves just as much as he loves us.


  1. Here are comments from Thinking Friend Melvin Bradshaw (who sent an email saying he was unable to post them here directly):

    "Being a baptist doesn't make one a 'bastard' but it doesn't guarantee one isn't one or can't become one. I've met many baptists all of whom need God's "grace." A 'baptist' most of my life." -- Melvin, A former Quaker Baptist

  2. When I was an active Baptist back in the 60s, I "discovered" Will Campbell -- I no longer remember how or where -- and was delighted at his active and energetic promotion of a gracious Christianity, something I was often not experiencing among Baptist fundamentalists at the time.

    I think your point about moral superiority and judgmental attitudes is quite important, but I must confess I'm not sure what to do with that insight when it comes to dealing with others--particularly the fundamentalists in religion and the ideologues in politics--who are being morally superior and judgmental, if not actually persecuting those whom they view as errant.

    I would add, though, that we cannot talk about ethics or morality without making distinctions between what is more or less ethical, more or less moral. We all live by grace. That's true. But truly gracious living is not an easy dance.

    1. Anton, the issue raise is a tough one. I have been thinking about it since first reading what you wrote, not knowing how to respond. I think your last sentence is certainly true.

      Although it sounds quite trite, perhaps the best way to respond is with the idea that we should "hate the sin but love the sinner."

      That seems to be what Will Campbell was able to do. He was against racism all his life, but he was able to be friends with (to love) racists, it seems.

  3. Thinking Friend Milton Horne send the following comment by email, and I post it here with his permission:

    "I think you got it right, Leroy. Of course, if that's so, we might have to rethink our use of terms like "pharisaicalism." This term represents a group of religious leaders from the sole perspective of 1st century Jewish-Christian polemic. Surely Pharisees are under God's grace, too."

    1. In my email response to Milton, I said (among other things),

      "According to the Merrian-Webster online dictionary, pharisaical means 'marked by hypocritical censorious self-righteousness.' That is what I meant by using the word, and I know of no other word that conveys that meaning.

      "But your point is well taken: it is not fair to the Pharisees, at least not to most of them. But what word would you suggest be used in its place?

      "I am sure Will Campbell would agree, as I do, that Pharisees are under God's grace, too. He was sometimes criticized because of his ongoing association with 'rednecks' and racists in the South. That was in the background of what he said to his non-Christian friend P.D."

  4. Good thoughts. Grace, forgiveness an hope are all needed to live a fulfilled life. Especially mine - too many vices and misguided thoughts and actions...
    I especially like the previous insights. I have encountered too many left and right and inbetween who live the 'isms and make life hard. A diversity of friendships is good.